Hundreds of taxis gather in the square in Zhouzhi County, Shaanxi Province and suspend service (Photos)

    Taxi service was suspended, and tricycle business was booming.

    Master Li just bought a new car this year, and the dismal business has frustrated him.

    According to this newspaper, yesterday, more than 100 taxis in Zhouzhi County gathered in Yunta Square, the county seat, and collectively stopped operating. Owners asked relevant departments to crack down on the "black three wheels". Yesterday afternoon, the Zhouzhi County government urgently convened the county traffic bureau, traffic police brigade, taxi management office, taxi company and owner representatives to hold a meeting and decided that the traffic police brigade would start to rectify the "black three wheels" today. The reporter learned that as of 8:40 last night, the suspended taxis were still gathered in Yunta Square.

  More than 100 taxis were suspended

    At 11am yesterday, taxis could only be seen sporadically on the streets of Zhouzhi county seat. "It’s so strange, why are there so few taxis on the streets today?" said Ms Wang, who runs a restaurant on Taibai North Road in the county seat. At the same time, more than 100 taxis that were supposed to operate were collectively "stalled" at Yunta Square in the center of the county seat.

    "Due to the chaos of the taxi market, taxi operators cannot operate normally, their operating income is very low, and they cannot guarantee the minimum living requirements. We strongly urge all taxi operators, contractors, and drivers to collectively stop operating at Yunta Square at 8:00 tomorrow morning. I hope all colleagues will actively cooperate and safeguard their legitimate rights and interests."

    There are currently 217 taxis in operation in Zhouzhi County. A taxi operator said that at least more than 100 taxis have been suspended, and many taxis are parked at home and do not go out.

  Tricycle grabbing business becomes a fuse for outage

    Taxi operators put forward five demands in the proposal, the first of which is to resolutely crack down on the "black tricycle". Some owners say that there are at least 500 tricycles operating illegally in the county seat, more than double the number of taxis. Due to the low operating costs, these tricycles can at least get a 30,000 of diversified profits from the operating market in Zhouzhi County. A taxi owner said that because of the profits, people from the surrounding martial arts and Xingping also drove tricycles to Zhouzhi County to operate.

    Taxi operators say their profits are pitifully small compared to the illegally operated tricycles. Li Lianshe, the owner of the taxi, has calculated for the reporter that the taxi operation now earns up to 150 yuan a day, excluding the fuel fee of more than 80 yuan and the fixed fee of more than 30 yuan paid to the management department, as well as the driver’s salary of about 30 yuan, leaving the owner with little profit left. Taxi using natural gas is even more uneconomical. Since there is no gas station in Zhouzhi County, the taxi has to go to Yangling to fill up, so it takes at least two hours to fill up.

    The reporter learned in the interview that the collective outage of taxis is also related to the problems existing in the management of taxi companies.

The construction of Hongmeng ecology is accelerating and is becoming the third pole

  In the context of increasing competition in science and technology, building an internationally competitive operating system is a key step in China’s independent innovation in science and technology. As a representative of domestic operating systems, Hongmeng is of great significance.


  Not long ago, the "Shenzhen 2024 Action Plan to Support the Development of Open Source Hongmeng Native Applications" was released. Shenzhen, Guangdong Province became the first city in the country to issue policies to support the development of native Hongmeng. Subsequently, the country’s first Hongmeng Ecological Innovation Center was established in Shenzhen. From the perspective of future development trends, Hongmeng system has broad market prospects. All parties expect Hongmeng to build an independent ecosystem and achieve wide application, fully releasing the characteristics of the Internet of Everything.


  Pure Hongmeng start


  In January this year, Huawei released the HarmonyOSNEXT Hongmeng Galaxy version of the operating system at the Hongmeng Ecological Thousand Sails Launching Ceremony held in Shenzhen, and opened the application for developers. This marks that the Hongmeng operating system will no longer be compatible with Android applications, but will fully switch to running Hongmeng native applications, opening a new era of Huawei’s operating system "Pure Blood Hongmeng".


  Since its launch in 2019, Hongmeng OS has attracted extensive attention in the field of intelligent end points with its core concept of "one development, multi-terminal deployment", which not only realizes seamless connection and collaboration between different devices, but also significantly reduces the complexity and cost of software development, becoming a key solution to meet the development needs of 5G, Internet of Things and other technologies.


  What is Hongmeng? Wang Chenglu, who served as the president of Huawei’s consumer business software department and the head of Hongmeng, previously outlined that the Hongmeng system is a unified language for different devices.


  The so-called native Hongmeng, in simple terms, is to delete the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) code in the original Hongmeng system, no longer compatible with Android applications, and completely create a set of ecology independent of Android and iOS. According to Huawei’s vision, Android and iOS dominate the mobile Internet era, while Hongmeng system is oriented to the Internet of Everything era and is the "next generation operating system".


  It is understood that the Hongmeng operating system can be basically divided into two categories. The first category is consumer-oriented operating system and application development, led by Huawei; the second category is industry-oriented applications, handed over to the Open-Harmony open-source organization, attracting major professional software companies to develop for specific industries. Huawei is the core open-source contributor. Among them, in the consumer-oriented market, developers need to develop applications for the Hongmeng operating system alone. In the past six months, major APP applications have been joining, and all parties will start development based on the HarmonyOSNEXT version.


  Why is Hongmeng so important? At the beginning of this year, Yu Chengdong, executive director of Huawei, CEO of End Point BG, and chairperson of Smart Car Solutions BU, issued a full letter saying that 2024 is a critical year for the original Hongmeng, and it is necessary to accelerate the development of various Hongmeng native applications and focus on winning the two most difficult battles of technology base and three-party ecology.


  Ren Gelin, chairperson of the OpenHarmony Project Management Committee (PMC), told China City Daily that from an ecological perspective, in 2023, the native Hongmeng ecology ushered in the beginning year. This year, leading Internet applications have joined the Hongmeng ecosystem one after another. Huawei said that as of the end of January this year, more than 200 leading applications have accelerated the native development of Hongmeng, and the native application landscape has taken shape. Ant Group, China UnionPay and many other partners have opened up their vertical innovation capabilities and provided developers with a full-link power builder together with Hongmeng to further accelerate the development of Hongmeng native applications. From the technical side, Hongmeng Galaxy Edition does not rely on the traditional Unix kernel and Linux kernel, but relies on the independent Hongmeng kernel to become "pure Hongmeng". Of course, such a switch still requires a process.


  Dai Wei, deputy secretary-general of the Internet Association of China, said in an interview with China City Daily that only the development of the original Hongmeng can truly release the characteristics of the Internet of Everything in Hongmeng, thereby promoting the further development of cross-platform technology, realizing seamless connection and efficient collaboration between different devices, and providing users with a more convenient and consistent experience. At the same time, the launch of the original application development of Hongmeng will further promote the development of the Hongmeng ecosystem, attract more developers to join, and jointly create an open and prosperous application ecosystem, which will accelerate the application of Hongmeng in thousands of industries.


  Since 2019, the Hongmeng system has undergone multiple iterative upgrades. As of the beginning of this year, the number of devices in the Hongmeng ecosystem has exceeded 800 million, covering a variety of high-frequency end point devices such as mobile phones, PCs, tablets, smart screens, and vehicle systems. In addition, thousands of applications and services have been connected to the development of Hongmeng native applications. Leading applications such as Alipay, Taobao, Meituan,, etc. have joined the Hongmeng ecosystem. Hongmeng is expected to continue to expand its market share in the future.


  Hongmeng ecological acceleration


  In the torrent of operating systems, the global giants flocked to, most of the failure, the final mobile phone market only Android and iOS occupy the majority share, now Hongmeng is becoming the rise of the third pole, the goal is to break the long-term Android and iOS dominated by the operating system market structure. Wang Chenglu also said that in the field of operating systems, 16% market share is a watershed.


  This autumn, the Hongmeng system will be upgraded to a major version. This version uses a new single-frame system design, which is expected to bring up to 30% performance improvement to Huawei devices, including the new small folding phone Pocket 2, while also increasing battery life. Behind this leap forward is Huawei’s in-depth independent research and development and optimization of the Hongmeng operating system. It is expected that by the end of this year, Hongmeng Ecosystem will welcome more than 5,000 native application development projects, with the goal of eventually forming a huge ecosystem of 500,000 native applications.


  Ivan Lam, a senior analyst Counter-pointResearch market survey agency, said that Huawei’s strategic shift is not only a challenge to the current technology landscape, but also a major test for itself. In the past few years, Huawei has continuously iterated the Hongmeng system and solved many functional problems. Especially in the face of limited chip supply, Huawei has accelerated the research and development of chips and operating systems to regain the confidence of the market and consumers. In August 2023, Huawei’s Mate60 series mobile phones equipped with its own Kirin 9000S chip were in short supply as soon as they were launched. Subsequent products such as MateX5, Nova12 series and Pocket2 also used Huawei’s own 5G chips, further consolidating Huawei’s position in the Chinese smartphone market.


  The relevant person in charge of Guotai Junan pointed out that historical experience shows that once the competition landscape of the operating system is formed, the opportunity for new entrants to turn over is extremely limited. However, if there is a new operating system that can seize the opportunity of the Internet of Everything and lower the threshold of combining software and hardware, then it is possible to cultivate a series of explosive innovative applications based on edge hardware, so as to grasp the industry ecology in the next ten or twenty years has the voice over.


  "As a leader in the global technology field, Huawei will obviously not miss this major transformation, but the gradual transition to’pure Hongmeng ‘still requires a process." A senior software engineer at SoftStone told China City Daily that Huawei has the confidence to decide not to be compatible with Android, which means that it has comprehensive preparations and supporting industrial upgrades behind it. However, the incompatibility between the Hongmeng system and the Android system involves multiple levels such as power builder, application ecosystem and developer ecosystem. Its operational compatibility and development compatibility progress need to be further observed. This is a gradual rather than overnight process.


  It is worth mentioning that Huawei developers "Yaoxing Plan" invested 7 billion yuan to encourage Hongmeng developers to innovate in Hongmeng native applications, meta services, SDK (Software Development Kit) and other aspects.


  In this regard, Shenzhen took the lead and released relevant policies and measures, with the goal of building Shenzhen into an ecological source and gathering area for Hongmeng’s native application software. "The reason why Shenzhen can take the lead in’making a move ‘is that its science and technology industry chain is complete, from hardware manufacturing to software development, with world-leading technologies and services, providing a solid foundation for the global expansion of Hongmeng’s ecology." Li Enhan, deputy director of the Token Digital Economy Research Center of China (Shenzhen) Comprehensive Development Research Institute, said that at present, the ecological long march of Pure Blood Hongmeng has just started, and it is necessary to make every effort to cultivate and build a software ecosystem. Shenzhen provides Hongmeng with all-round core support, which has strategic significance behind it.


  Head manufacturers embrace native applications


  Building a comprehensive and prosperous software ecosystem is the key to Hongmeng’s success, and the participation of leading applications is particularly important in this process. Today, Hongmeng has more than 400 partners in native application development, most of which are domestic leading manufacturers, covering various industries such as Internet, e-commerce, gaming, and finance.


  Gong Ti, chairperson of the OpenHarmony project group working committee and president of Huawei’s end point BG software department, pointed out in an interview with China City Daily that in order to successfully build the Hongmeng software ecosystem, there are two thresholds that need to be crossed: one is how to prioritize coverage of more than 5,000 high-frequency applications, and the other is to meet the long-tail needs of users about 500,000 small downloadable applications.


  Faced with the challenges in terms of technology and cost, what should Internet giants consider when entering the original Hongmeng market?


  On a technical level, Hongmeng operating system has significant advantages over Android, such as task processing optimization that makes the system run more smoothly, and will divide different tasks into different processing channels to provide a more iPhone experience. Gong Ti said that various applications have different requirements for the operating system, such as financial applications that pay more attention to security, and game applications that pay more attention to performance. In addition, application developers believe that the mid-to-high-end positioning of Huawei mobile phone users and strong willingness to pay have also become important factors to attract developers.


  Zhong Xiaolei, a research analyst at Canalys, a market survey agency, believes that the entry of Internet manufacturers into the development of Huawei’s native Hongmeng applications will be a mutually beneficial and win-win situation for both parties.


  Zhong Xiaolei said that Huawei’s installed capacity is still considerable, and it is still a valuable client base for Internet manufacturers. The development of Hongmeng’s native APP can further strengthen the binding with this part of the user base, and strengthen the stickiness and reputation of software providers in this part of the client base. The reason for promoting Internet manufacturers to up the ante Hongmeng is not only the current scale of Hongmeng, but also the market’s expectations for Hongmeng’s future growth. In addition, Huawei’s extensive coverage in multi-scenario and cross-category hardware also has a higher ecological hardware addition rate than other mobile phone manufacturers, which can provide Internet manufacturers with a wider range of traffic entrances.


  Zhong Xiaolei further explained that for Huawei, working with Internet vendors to jointly promote the development of native APPs can ensure the availability of commonly used APPs under the self-developed system, thereby alleviating consumers’ doubts about the self-developed system. In the future, it is also expected to see Internet Tech Giants play a leading and exemplary role, attracting more small and medium-sized developers to enter the Hongmeng software ecosystem. In addition, deepening cooperation with Internet vendors can also help Huawei create differentiated application experiences and raise ecological barriers.


  "At present, it seems that the opportunities for Hongmeng’s development outweigh the challenges." Zhong Xiaolei said that the main challenge is how to improve and stimulate the transition from the Android development system, so that more small and medium-sized developers can enter the Hongmeng developer community; how to create a popular Hongmeng exclusive APP and create a differentiated APP ecosystem experience that is different from other operating systems.

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