Leading enterprises lead a large number of artificial intelligence projects to accelerate their landing in Shanghai.

  In 2018, the financing amount of artificial intelligence related industries in Shanghai has exceeded 60 billion yuan, reaching a record high.

  As a pioneer in China’s artificial intelligence industry, Shanghai has gathered one-third of the country’s artificial intelligence talents, with more than 1,000 artificial intelligence core enterprises, and the scale of artificial intelligence-related industries exceeds 70 billion yuan.

  At the same time, in order to continuously improve the healthy development ecology of artificial intelligence and build an artificial intelligence "Shanghai highland", Shanghai is still accelerating the landing of the project. In 2018, the financing amount of artificial intelligence related industries in Shanghai has exceeded 60 billion yuan, reaching a record high.

  Innovative platforms and major scientific research achievements are constantly emerging.

  In January this year, Songjiang District and the Institute of Neuroscience of China Academy of Sciences held a major achievement conference on "Somatic Cloned Monkey Model with Biological Rhythm Disorder" at G60 Brain Science and Technology Innovation Base in Sheshan. This is the first time in the world that a batch of macaque models with biological rhythm disorder with consistent genetic background have been successfully constructed.

  This breakthrough marks the maturity of somatic cell cloning technology in China, and the realization of mass cloning of experimental disease model monkeys means that the number of experimental animals in the world is expected to be greatly reduced, and drug research and development will enter the fast lane. With the release of the above results, the Institute of Neuroscience of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Shanghai Institute of Pharmacology of Chinese Academy of Sciences also signed a strategic cooperation agreement to promote the research and development of new drugs in the field of neuropsychiatric diseases.

  "G60 Brain Intelligence Science and Technology Innovation Base" is one of eight AI innovation platforms jointly signed by Songjiang District Government and Institute of Neurology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is a representative of Industry-University-Research cooperation and was signed and settled in Shanghai at the 2018 World Artificial Intelligence Conference.

  At present, G60 Brain Science and Technology Innovation Base is being built into a "frontier position" of brain science research and a platform for the development of brain-like intelligence industry, which is expected to be completed within two years, and will include a research and development center for brain disease treatment, a therapeutic evaluation center for brain diseases and a new drug detection and analysis center. Academician Muming Poo, director of the Institute of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that foreign teams are interested in coming to Songjiang for cooperation.

  In addition to the G60 Brain Science and Technology Innovation Base, at the 2018 World Artificial Intelligence Conference, a number of global artificial intelligence innovation projects were signed and settled in Shanghai. These projects are aimed at key core areas such as AI industrial chain, innovation chain and value chain, including 8 AI innovation centers (laboratories) such as Alibaba and Baidu, 8 AI innovation platforms such as Tencent and Huawei, 3 AI research institutes such as Microsoft and Amazon, and a 10 billion artificial intelligence industry fund.

  Take Shangtang Technology, one of the contracted companies, as an example. At present, the company is building a new generation of AI major computing platform, which can exceed 5 billion computing power per second in the future, and plans to invest no less than 6 billion yuan in Shanghai within five years to build four functional headquarters, including global R&D headquarters.

  The First Financial Reporter learned that as of the first half of this year, the number of employees in Shang Tang has increased from 14 to over 500, including nearly 350 R&D personnel, and the company is constantly introducing international high-end talents in the field of artificial intelligence. In addition, Shangtang Technology has implemented strategic cooperation with Shanghai Yidian Group and Lingang Group to build a smart city and smart industrial park.

  "Shanghai’s talent advantages, industrial advantages and extensive application fields in super-large cities will provide a huge opportunity platform and practical experience for Shangtang Technology to further promote the commercialization of AI technology." Shangtang Technology told the First Financial Reporter, "Shanghai is actively building a highland of national artificial intelligence. At present, it has gathered about one-third of AI talents in China, and the comprehensive environment is more suitable for the overall development of international talents. At the same time, Shanghai has an excellent AI industry foundation, a perfect database and a developed capital market, which can create conditions for the incubation and development of the industry. "

  The industrial fund group has taken initial shape.

  Shanghai has taken many important measures for the next development of artificial intelligence, including further expanding the clusters of advantageous enterprises and formulating multi-level enterprise introduction and cultivation plans; Continue to exert efforts in industrial layout, technical research, application demonstration, ecological construction, etc., benchmark the top international standards, build a world-class artificial intelligence brand, and amplify the spillover effect; Focus on the development of intelligent driving, intelligent robots, intelligent hardware, intelligent sensors, intelligent chips, intelligent software and other fields, continue to attract leading Chinese and foreign enterprises to develop, and increase support for local high-growth enterprises and start-ups

  It is understood that in order to provide financial support for the artificial intelligence industry, the Shanghai Artificial Intelligence Industry Investment Fund has formed a formation plan, raising 10 billion yuan in the first phase. Previously, G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor Artificial Intelligence Industry Fund, Yangpu Artificial Intelligence Venture Capital Fund and other funds have also been initiated, initially forming a fund group.

  Among them, the "G60 Science and Technology Corridor Artificial Intelligence Industry Fund" was signed as a Shanghai artificial intelligence innovation project at the 2018 World Artificial Intelligence Conference, with a target fundraising scale of 10 billion yuan. Based in Shanghai, facing the Yangtze River Delta and taking G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor as the industrial hinterland, the fund mainly invests in artificial intelligence and related industrial chain projects, including chips, sensors, algorithms at the basic level and enterprises in the fields of smart home, smart driving and smart medical care at the application level.

  As the core area of advanced manufacturing and modern service industry in the Yangtze River Delta, G60 Science and Technology Corridor has laid a sound industrial foundation for the development of artificial intelligence and created a good application scenario. At the same time, the gathering of top universities in the region can provide a steady stream of science and technology talents for the development of artificial intelligence. At present, G60 Science and Technology Corridor has produced many well-known artificial intelligence enterprises, and it is expected to become a gathering area of artificial intelligence industry in China in the future.

The Yangtze River Delta is working together to build the G60 Science and Technology Corridor. The picture shows the sand table of Songjiang Science and Technology City in Shanghai Lingang, Xinhua News Agency.

  Cheng Fang, president of Shanghai Guohe Investment, the manager of G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor Artificial Intelligence Industry Fund, once said that G60 Science and Technology Innovation Fund relies on G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor, not only investing in enterprises covered by G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor, but also choosing to invest in excellent projects and teams at home and abroad to guide them to land in G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor.

  At present, the artificial intelligence industry chain includes the lowest infrastructure layer, such as chips, sensors, cloud computing, open source platforms, etc. The technical layer in the middle layer, such as image recognition, natural language processing, robot action, etc. The top application layer, such as applications in various industries and robots.

  Cheng Fang said that from the infrastructure layer to the application layer, the market capacity is gradually expanding. From the perspective of fund investment, the application layer can accommodate more enterprises, and the investment success rate is relatively high. Therefore, the Foundation chooses enterprises that deeply cultivate vertical applications and provide perfect solutions.

  In the technical layer and infrastructure layer, the fund will pay more attention to relatively early or more subdivided enterprises, such as sensor enterprises with strong import substitution and less sought after by the market, some artificial intelligence chip enterprises with reasonable valuation, and independent third-party data labeling and data cleaning companies.

  Top institutions have been "recruiting"

  At the 2018 World Artificial Intelligence Conference, Amazon AWS Shanghai Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Microsoft Research Asia (Shanghai) signed contracts with Microsoft-Yidian Institute of Artificial Intelligence Innovation and Iflytek (Shanghai) Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Brain Science.

  On May 24th this year, "Microsoft Asia Research Institute (Shanghai) and Microsoft — Yidian Artificial Intelligence Innovation Institute was officially unveiled and launched the artificial intelligence talent training system. "We believe that Shanghai is a diverse, versatile and multi-funded city. For example, Shanghai has finance, medical care and manufacturing. This city is very suitable for the research, creation and landing of artificial intelligence. It is precisely because of the opportunities brought by Shanghai that Microsoft’s investment and layout in Shanghai are very extensive and rich. " Pan Tianyou, vice president of Microsoft Research Asia, told the First Financial Reporter.

  Pan Tianyou also said that Microsoft has extended its high-level artificial intelligence research capabilities to Shanghai, explored innovative cooperation models to promote the digital transformation of the government and enterprises, and promoted the accelerated development of a new generation of artificial intelligence technology in various industries in Shanghai. However, he also admitted that what the institute needs most is talents, and the recruitment and training of talents still need time.

  Amazon AWS Shanghai Artificial Intelligence Research Institute also said that it is necessary to gather the world’s top AI talents and participate in and develop the open source deep learning framework ecosystem.

  Iflytek (Shanghai) Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Brain Science has also made progress. Zhao Xiang, general manager of Iflytek Shanghai, told CBN: "We are moving the political and legal innovation business center, financial business center and big data operation center to the new office building in Changning District. R&D in Shanghai is also strengthening. Because there are more talents in universities and artificial intelligence in Shanghai, we will definitely tend to recruit local talents. "

  In addition, CBN reporter also learned that Iflytek is stepping up the layout of its regional headquarters and overseas headquarters.

  Zhao Xiang said that Lingang recently released a plan to support the development of artificial intelligence, which is good for Iflytek to settle in Shanghai, and the company will deepen its cooperation with Lingang in the future. "Real and visible application cases are the foundation of the development of artificial intelligence. Shanghai has a very rich application scenario, which helps us to deepen the application of artificial intelligence in education, medical care, finance and other industries."

Veteran Yang Jinyuan: A novel blew the "assembly number"

  


  Photo of Yang Jinyuan when he joined the army Source: Liberation Army Daily


  


  Xiaogang Feng is with Yang Jinyuan. Source: Liberation Army Daily


  "Every sacrifice is immortal!" The New Year’s blockbuster "Assembly" directed by Xiaogang Feng received rave reviews from the audience as soon as it was released. Yang Jinyuan, the author of the original film "Lawsuit", a retired sailor and editor-in-chief of Overseas Chinese Times in Putian City, Fujian Province, quickly became a hot figure.


  After graduating from high school, Yang Jinyuan entered the military camp and became a sailor in a frigate brigade of the Shanghai base of the East China Sea Fleet. Looking back on his military career, Yang Jinyuan often lamented: "It was six years as a sailor, which gave me the precipitation of military life and made me create military themes. My fate with Lawsuit and Assembly also comes from the military complex in my bones. "


  Yang Jinyuan said that the novel "Lawsuit" was written by accident, and it was more due to his sensitivity to an event. It was one day six years ago, Yang Jinyuan was watching TV with his family, and the talk show People’s Story of CCTV caught his attention. The film tells the story that all the comrades-in-arms of a veteran were killed in a battle of the liberation war, and only he survived the injury. For a long time, the veteran has been looking around for the remains of his comrades-in-arms to prove that they are not missing persons but martyrs. In order to remember his comrades-in-arms, the old man moved his home near the military camp. Whenever the bugle sounded, he always appeared at the gate of the military camp. "Although it took only two minutes for TV programs to tell this story, the two images of bugles and veterans immediately aroused my strong interest. I thought at that time that I could write a novel about it, just about war, commitment and credit! " Yang Jinyuan was deeply moved by the war friendship forged in the gunfire and smoke, and his creative inspiration poured out.


  So, Yang Jinyuan wrote this true story into the novel "Lawsuit". In order to cover the transfer of large troops, the persistent "one-track-minded" company, Elder Valley, was ordered to fight a war of resistance, and made an appointment with the colonel, taking the assembly number at midnight as the order to retreat. However, the old valley and the brothers of the whole company killed from day to midnight, and then from midnight to dawn, waiting hard in the fight of life until the whole company was killed one after another, leaving only the old valley injured and surviving, and did not hear the assembly number blowing. Did the colonel forget to let the trumpeter play the trumpet, or did the troops leave the whole company behind? This question has been puzzling the old valley. After being separated from his troops, Lao Gu spent decades looking for the head of the regiment, trying to "make a statement", only to learn that the head of the regiment had died in the Korean battlefield. The novel was first published in the April issue of Fujian Literature in 2002, and then reprinted in the June issue of Novel Monthly. Later, Zhang Guoli, a famous actor, discovered The Lawsuit and recommended it to Xiaogang Feng, a famous director. The film Assembly has a story template.


  From an early age, Yang Jinyuan often heard his family tell him "revolutionary fragments". "After a place, my parents will tell me that it was here decades ago that they ventured through the blockade to survive. At the time of the war, big or small dangers often come. In the open and dark battles between the enemy and me, life and death are often in a flash. " Fujian is an old revolutionary base area. In wartime, "missing" soldiers are not uncommon. In the chaos of war and chaos, troops often reduce their numbers or temporarily increase their numbers. The people who lead the troops often can’t know exactly how many people were in the army yesterday and how many people are today. It is even more difficult to find out how some people are missing afterwards. Therefore, in post-war statistics, the number of "unknown martyrs" far exceeds that of famous martyrs with surnames. According to the pension statistics of the Ministry of Civil Affairs at the beginning of liberation, there were more than 1 million famous martyrs in the revolutionary war, and the unknown martyrs were at least several times this number. After the diffuse smoke clears, some things are often ignored or even forgotten.


  For such a thing, Yang Jinyuan gradually developed a sense of responsibility to "reflect it". In 1991, Yang Jinyuan, who had returned from the army to work in Putian, began to take over the task of shooting a feature film on revolutionary themes. During that time, he traveled all over the old revolutionary base areas in Putian, surrounded by past details every day. "It is difficult for people to recall something completely. He doesn’t know what a feature film wants. Although the past history is grand, all the people in the authorities will know are some details, and what he tells you are some personal feelings," Yang Jinyuan said. "Later, I thought it might be more appropriate to write this history in the form of a novel." If we carefully taste Yang Jinyuan’s war novels, we should pay attention to individual destiny, which is the "central idea" of his creation. On the contrary, war becomes blurred and becomes the background of the fate of the characters, because in his view, the novels focus on people and their thoughts and souls.


  Yang Jinyuan has his own understanding that his novel "Lawsuit" can be seen by Xiaogang Feng and made into such a blockbuster with strong repercussions: "In the past, military movies and TV shows, such as Heroes and Children, Fighting in the South and Fighting in the North, etc., all highlighted the lofty image of soldiers, but now such films have begun to change to describe the inner heart of the characters, such as Bright Sword, Years of Burning Passion and so on. And "Lawsuit" is all about the fate of small people from beginning to end. I discuss the problem of human nature and look back at the war from human nature. Perhaps this attracted Feng Dao. "


  This cooperation with Xiaogang Feng is not the first "electric shock" for Yang Jinyuan. Before Lawsuit, he also wrote many works, such as A Woman with a Sword in Her Life, Don’t Marry Me If I’m Not a Virgin, The Courtyard, The Conscript, etc. Among them, The Courtyard and The Conscript have all been adapted into TV dramas and broadcast on CCTV.


  Now, the bugle of Assembly has not fallen, and Yang Jinyuan’s other military novel Breakthrough has also emerged. The famous director Huang Jianzhong personally prefaces the publication of the book and is preparing to make it into a 30-episode TV series. (Liberation Army Daily/Xu Outline Wang Jinping Chen Ji)

Editor: Cao Jin

Breaking Through is showing the speed and passion, and he shot it!

Special feature of 1905 film network "We have the confidence and strength to strive for higher honor for the motherland!"Sports movies focusing on the first gold story of China Winter OlympicsBreaking ThroughIt’s showing.

 

The film tells the touching story of China’s short track speed skating national team, which finally stood on the highest podium with arduous training and unyielding will, in order to achieve the breakthrough of gold medal zero in the Winter Olympics.


 As the first short-track speed skating film shot by modern film means, Breaking Through team has developed a shooting system that combines real shooting with special effects almost from scratch. How to show the speed and passion of athletes and how to grasp the balance between art and sports? In this issue of Behind the Scene, let’s follow Breaking Through’s photography director Liu Yizeng to explore the world on ice.  

Professional athletes palm the mirror 

"Crossing the river by feeling the stones" is an apt saying to describe Breaking Through’s creative process. For the short track speed skating theme, there is no relevant case for reference. Liu Yizeng’s first thought was to let the photographer learn to skate, and he had to give up after practicing for a while. "I really can’t skate, my legs are no longer on myself." On the contrary, Liu Yizeng thought that it would be better to train professional skaters into photographers.

In this way, after two or three months of training, three "foreign photographers" made their debut. "Short track speed skating is extremely competitive. We want to really bring the audience to the arena. Let the athletes operate the camera to shoot, and the sense of immersion and presence is definitely the best, "Liu Yizeng said.

The training of this group of special photographers is mainly carried out from two aspects. First, the equipment guarantee, the team tailored a set of wearable photographic equipment for them to adapt to the special angle of skating. "In filming in Steadicam, moving lenses are very common, that is, hanging the camera with a vest. We also use a vest that fits well and a modified bracket to support the camera. We specially choose the resolution and comprehensive indicators, and it is also the lightest equipment."

On the other hand, these athletes should cultivate certain photographic thinking on the basis of mastering equipment skillfully. "At first, they did some actions in a mandatory way. Later, the camera sense became better and better. I already understood what you said was a little looser and tighter. What is this sense of rhythm? We have become more and more tacit."

When it comes to short track speed skating competition, the first thing that comes to mind is the scene of athletes competing for gold and silver in TV broadcast pictures. What’s the difference between TV language and movie language? This is also the core issue that Liu Yizeng and director Fangfang Wang first thought of. "We can’t let the audience into the cinema like watching TV, so we have different designs for each game. The overall logic is’ go high and go high’. " The so-called "walking on a high level" means that a large number of macro perspectives similar to TV broadcasts were adopted in the small competition at the beginning. Later, when the competition became more and more fierce and the athletes collided more and more, they began to focus on subjective perspectives, and magnified the dramatic key moments in the competition, giving the audience a sense of being there, breathing with the protagonist and fighting together. 

"black technology" helps out

In addition to the "vest" mentioned above, the Breaking Through crew also used and even invented a lot of "black technology" equipment. For example, in the real shooting on the ice, in order to shoot the zoom lens, a simple flat sliding device will be set up on the ice to simulate the sliding state and complete the close-up shooting of the face.

In order to capture the details of the feet and skates, the team skillfully used a rehabilitation device attached to the legs to link the back with the camera and record the moments full of impact.

The picture of john young winning the first gold medal in the Olympic Games and gliding with the national flag held high moved the audience, and a photographic system called "Spider" was indispensable behind it. "The machine is pulled by four Weiya ropes. We shoot a 360-degree panoramic view around the actor according to the speed, height and back of the actor, and then follow her to raise the national flag and become a panoramic view to show this exciting moment."

For some close-ups that are too difficult to shoot, the crew specially designed and built a huge and complex cage rotating device, which can move horizontally and vertically, simulate the state of athletes turning and overtaking in the stadium, and cooperate with the green screen to shoot special effects. Liu Yizeng explained that the significance of this device is not only to help the actors complete their professional movements, but also to provide real physical feedback to the actors through the inclination and movement of the crawler, so that their performances are more "fake". "This sense of reality has always been our goal."

The balance between truth and art

Breaking Through’s touching place lies not only in the exciting competition scene, but also in the delicate description of family, teacher-student relationship and love for the country. Liu Yizeng said frankly that there is no drama or action drama, and all shooting techniques should serve the overall audio-visual style of the film, which he and the director first determined.

 "This movie started with the story of the 1980s. The director and I referred to many old films with similar themes and decided to use modern audio-visual language to make a nostalgic story. The audio-visual language is new, but the light and color have a nostalgic atmosphere." Proceeding from this idea, Liu Yizeng chose a lot of scheduling of small and long shots to immerse the audience in stories and emotions when shooting literary dramas.

In the design of action scenes, the photography team did not deliberately show off their skills, but found a presentation that was both authentic and artistic through repeated rehearsals, bringing an immersive experience to the audience. "Some games have more long shots, strong sense of coherence, some are broken and strong sense of editing. This is the result of repeated watching, rehearsal and self-overthrow by us and the director, which also saves a lot of time for on-site scheduling."

Talking about the balance between sports and art, Liu Yizeng gave a very detailed example — — Ice flakes splashed by the collision between skates and ice. "It’s true that the ice flowers splashed by athletes at the moment of starting off are higher than people, but from the perspective of TV broadcast, few people notice this detail, so we want to capture it with high-speed close-ups. This sense of power brings the audience a very strong visual freshness and impact."

Flying dreams are implied by the splash of ice flowers, and the creative process of the film Breaking Through is also a process of continuous breakthrough and joint efforts of the creative team to dream. Liu Yizeng is particularly sympathetic to the sportsmanship of perseverance and courage to climb the peak. "What you challenge is also what you love, and it is precisely because this love supports you to move forward." This is what sports people and filmmakers have in common.